There is one big homework assignment for parents and that is:
READ TO AND WITH YOUR KIDS!
“The U.S. Department of Education’s 1999 Early Childhood Longitudinal Study found that children who were read to at least three times a week had a significantly greater phonemic awareness when they entered kindergarten than did children who were read to less often, and that they were almost twice as likely to score in the top 25 percent in reading.” (Jim Trelease, 2006)
Reading to your child is not only a great bonding experience, but it also gives the opportunity to check your childs comprehesion of what he/she is listening to. You can also expand your child's vocabulary by reading books that may be a bit beyond their independent reading level.
Having your child read to you will give them a chance to improve their fluency. Studies have shown that repeated readings are a key factor in improving reading fluency. So, if they want to reread a book to you, let them!